Corporate Venture Capital (CVC) is the investment of corporate funds directly in a small, but innovative or specialized company, which can also be provided with management and marketing experience; the objective is to obtain a specific competitive advantage or to anticipate the future of the industry, investing in a future competition.
An investment made through an external fund managed by a third party, even when the investment vehicle is financed by a single investment company, it is NOT considered a CVC, the CVC has to be managed within the company.
Most importantly, CVC is not synonymous with venture capital (VC); rather, it is a specific subset of venture capital. At its core, Corporate Venturing is about establishing structural collaborations with companies or external parties to drive mutual growth. These companies are startups or growing companies.